The Eastern Coyote is a member of the dog family and is also a relative of the eastern wolf. Adult coyotes typically weigh 30-40 pounds and can live up to 15 years in ideal conditions. Coyote are opportunistic feeders, commonly foraging on insects, berries, and small mammals. During winter months, when other food sources are scarce, they will often target larger prey including deer, livestock, and smaller house pets.
Coyotes are common throughout New England, often inhabiting forested areas and areas of mixed farmland. Coyotes are also highly adaptable and can thrive in suburban environments, which often results in conflicts with humans.
Coyote breeding season generally runs from January through March. Breeding pairs of coyotes will establish dens during this time, sometimes close to residential areas. Typical den sites include rocky ledges, undercut banks, and overturned trees. Occasionally, coyotes will establish dens under sheds, barns, decks, and in culverts. Four to six pups are typically born in the early spring and will remain in and around the den for the first three months of their lives. Adult coyotes are extremely territorial and protective of young during the late spring and reports of attacks on dogs that wander near dens are very common during this time.
As mentioned above, coyotes, like many species, are opportunistic feeders. Coyotes often wander into residential areas in search of an easy meal. To help prevent coyote activity in your area, it is important to store dog and cat food inside as well as limit access to food scraps and garbage. As long as you do not give coyotes a reason to visit your property, they will often stay away.
If you are experiencing issues with coyotes around your property or believe there may be a den on your property, give the wildlife specialists at Pest-End a call to schedule a free inspection. We may be able to provide information on deterrents, trapping, or controlled hunting on your property.